Saturday, September 6, 2008

Hurricane Gustav

I've been neglecting this genealogy blog in favor of my photography blog but with my conscience hurting. More recently, I've been caught in Hurricane Gustav. You can read about our Gustav experiences -- fortunately we are OK -- at my photo blog where I shifted temporarily to reporting about Hurricane Gustav. Be sure to read all entries beginning at August 31.

Wednesday, April 16, 2008

The Richardson Sisters

In 1774, the three sons of Charles Buck I married three daughters of William Richardson and Isabella Calmes. Charles II married Mary; Thomas V married Anne and John married Miriam. These three families had thirty-two children. Not surprisingly, Bucks were said to have a certain “look” for many generations!

William Richardson was born on December 26, 1712 in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. He died in 1768 in Frederick County, Maryland. William Richardson was a Quaker and was educated by private tutors according to the teachings of the Society of Friends. About 1751, he settled in western Maryland near Frederick City. He was wealthy and his home was a social center as well as a meeting place for religious services. William Richardson and Isabella Calmes were married in August 1746. Isabella Calmes was the daughter of Marquis Calmes II and Winnifred Waller. She was born in 1728 and died on June 10, 1796. She was buried in Buckton Cemetery, Virginia – the oldest grave there.

Very little is known about Mary, Anne and Miriam Richardson Buck. They were loved and respected by their children but mentioned only briefly in a few memoirs. Although their father was a Quaker, it seems that Mary, Ann and Miriam joined the Baptist Church with their husbands and their children were raised as Baptists.

Prior to the generation of the Richardson-Buck children, most people used only a given name and surname. Many of the Richardson-Buck children had middle names as well. The Richardson and Calmes families were highly regarded and those surnames were given as middle names to several of the Buck children.

Monday, March 24, 2008

A Letter from Thomas Buck V

A letter from Thomas Buck V to his nephew, Thomas Buck son of Charles Buck II. (Notice that the nephew is called “Junior” and “cousin” in contrast to current naming and relationship conventions.) This is the same Thomas Buck who was the recipient of a letter, previously posted, from his father. The letter below was delivered by a Mr. English.

Mr. Thomas Buck, Jun.,
Rocking County
Belle Air
Jan 16th, 1812

My dear cousin & full namesake:

Having so good an opportunity, I cannot forbear sending you this small token of my regard, though I don’t expect I can be lengthy, as we had a little meeting here tonight its very late, my pen bad, and I can’t see to mend it, and am very clumsy at best. However I want to tell you, I was exceedingly glad to hear from you, and that you were all well, and that Amelia was well satisfied, and expecially that you are not backward in speaking occasionally in behalf of your Master’s cause, for so shall your light shine before men and they wil thereby be made to glorify your father which is in Heaven. I have wished frequently since I parted with you to have an opportunity to enlarge on the hint I then gave you, i.e. that peradventure providence had some wise end in sending you into that place, it may the Lord has much people there, and you may be the instrument designed for calling them into the fold. I must tell you my dear cousin that it was with pleasure, I observed your growth in devine knowledge, since your public profession, and your usefulness in the church became more and more conspicuous, which gave not only myself, but others great hopes concerning you, and I felt very unwilling to part with you on that, as well as other accounts, but when the thought was suggested that peradventure the Lord had wise ends in removing you I submitted cheerfully. I can assure you that these observations are not intended to raise vanity, but to impress on your mind, a sense of duty. That you have talents is evident, and if improved I have no doubt will become useful, and if neglected, or buried in the rubbish of this world, as your poor old useless uncles have been, you will probably repent as he has done when it is too late. But least Satan should seek advantage of you, attempt to make proud, let me remind you, that these talents are not your own, but your Lord’s; and that he will certainly call you to account for them. And now as I am old and you are young, and have never experienced the conflicts, I have, take piece of fatherly advice, after asking you a few questions. 1st – When the plan of salvation through Christ was first revealed to you and indeed at all subsequent times, when faith has been in lively exercise, did not you think it was so plain that you could convince the whole world? And did not your bowels yearn after your fellow creatures? 2ndly – Has not the worth of souls, at times lay heavy on you? And have you not felt as if the Lord would require them at your hands if you did not warn them of their danger? 3rd – Have you not felt convicted for neglecting to reprove sin? 4thly – Does not the loose and untender walk of prossprous grieve you? And do you not wish to see all that name the name of God depart from iniquity? I could ask many more questions, but I find short as I intended to be at first, I shall not have room, I must therefore desist and proceed to the advice I promised and 1st. If you can answer the foregoing introgatories in the affirmative; quench not the spirit, but indulge, and cherish its motions, and follow its dictates, praying to God for assistance and relying on him for support. The enemy of souls will not doubt magnify the office of an ambassador for God and tell you it is too great for you, but tell him hes’ a liar, for if he could qualify a Matthew the publican, a Simon Peter the fisherman etc., etc. in so eminent a manner and could qualify a Fristoe & Mason and the plowmen & a Henderson the tanner in these latter times and can raise up children to Abraham out of stones, he is able to qualify the meanest of his people for any office he is pleased to call them to. But perhaps he’ll try the same temptations he did with Christ, then repulse him in the same manner. If he should persuade you that are qualified for some dignified station in the world tell him your master is King of Kings and Lord of Lords and one the greatest Kings that ever filled a temporal throne, chose rather to be a door keeper to his house than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.

But I must desist, my paper, fire and time forbids enlarging. I could now fill another sheet, but perhaps this may suffice at present. Theres no room nor time for news. This leaves in common health, except colds, of which myself and your aunt shares largely. Harry is also sick, Marcus was poorly last letter. Tell cousin Amelia her father was here last Sunday, his wife poorly & the news of Mrs. Wilsons being burnt in theatre afflicts her very much, which you have no doubt heard. The children are also poorly with the hooping cough. Old Mrs. King is here and begs to be remembered to you all. My family are all in bed or I expect they would all send their loves to you. I have turned the back of my pen and must say farewell.
Tho. Buck

The known characters are:

Thomas Buck -- born 1777, the first born son of Charles Buck II. He was called “Junior” to differentiate him from his uncle Thomas Buck V but will be assigned “VI” to differentiate from all the other Thomas Bucks. He is often referred to as the “Rev. Thomas Buck”.

Amelia – Thomas’ wife, Amelia Dawson Buck, born 1783.

Amelia’s father - Rev. James Dawson.

Marcus – probably Marcus Calmes Buck, son of Thomas Buck V

Tuesday, March 18, 2008

Bel Air: Home of Thomas Buck V

In the late 1790’s, Thomas Buck V moved from his father's estate to Front Royal, Warren County, Virginia, where he built his home, "Bel Air", on 100 acres of tillable land he purchased from Alan Wiley in 1798. Thomas Buck also owned 1,500 acres of woodland adjacent to Happy Creek. Bel Air still exists today although greatly revised and no longer owned by the Buck family. In fact, Bel Air is now owned by Larry LeHew whose ancestor, Peter LeHew, had sold the land to Alan Wiley.

In 1930, William R. Buck, great-grandson of Thomas Buck V, wrote that the name “Bel Air” was the name of a town near Baltimore, Maryland. The family of Anne Richardson, Thomas Buck’s first wife, lived nearby. According to W. R. Buck, the brick portions of Bel Air were built about 1795 whereas the wings had been built previously of hewn logs. Thomas Buck lived in the wings while the main portion was being built. He noted that an attic room wall and sloped ceiling was a sort of “guest register” that contained many signatures.

A letter written on January 27, 1918 by Williarm R. Buck’s sister, Lucy Rebecca Buck, notes that, "... The two wings were erected several years before the main brick one was made and I have heard our old aunt Calmes, who died in her ninety‑second year, say that as a little girl she had played in the space between the wings. The brass knocker on the front door, one of my earliest recollections of the house,bears the inscription, "Thomas Buck, 1800". Her brother, Irving Ashby Buck, was forced to sell Bel Air. The new owner completely remodeled it and Lucy had some rather uncomplimentary things about the remodelled house and its owner. Lucy was born in Bel Air and some say her ghost now haunts it.

Friday, March 7, 2008

Thomas Buck in Front Royal

Sometimes it seems that Thomas Buck V was a “city feller” – especially as compared to his brothers John and Charles. He was one of the original trustees of the town of Front Royal as it was laid out in 1788 and one of its leading citizens for many years. He donated land in Front Royal for a church. His home, Bel Air, still exists in Front Royal (more on Bel Air later).

Thomas Buck V was High Sheriff of Frederick County three times and was a special delegate to the Legislature.

Tuesday, March 4, 2008

Thomas Buck V and the Baptist Movement

Thomas Buck V was very active in the Baptist movement in early Virginia. Like others in his family, he too, had been strongly influenced by the Rev. James Ireland. Thomas wrote, “I used to go to church with my father and mother, but never understood the sermon. My father was a great sportsman, and used to carry me off to horse races, etc., of which I became very fond, and in all probability would have followed his example had not the Lord arrested both him and myself in our mad career.”

Thomas was baptised in the waters of the Shenandoah River and into the South River Church about 1770 by Samuel Harris. At various times in his life, Thomas was a member of the South River Church, the Waterlick Church and the Happy Creek Church. Thomas and his older brother Charles II were messengers from the Water Lick Church to the Ketoctin Association in 1795.

Thomas Buck V donated land in Front Royal for the Happy Creek Church on December 4, 1835 and was named lifetime trustee for it. In donating the land, Thomas Buck wrote that it was to be used by the “Regular Baptist and for the religious association now called the Happy Creek Church”. At the same time, he noted that “at other times the property is for the use of other Baptists”. Thomas Buck probably specified these terms because, at the time, there was a great disagreement among the Baptists with respect to doctrine. Some of Thomas’ friends and family members belonged to the “Old School” or “Primitive Baptist” group but others belonged to the “New School” or “Missionary Baptist” group. Thomas was more associated with the Missionary Baptists and the tension between the two groups undoubtedly caused him grief. When Thomas felt that the terms of his donation were not being followed, he changed the locks on the church door. On April 28, 1835, Thomas and his (second) wife Ruhama were excommunicated from Old School Happy Creek Church. Eventually the two congregations compromised with the Happy Creek Church and the Front Royal Church alternating their use of the facilities.

Friday, February 22, 2008

Thomas Buck V – Captain of Virginia Militia

A Lieutenant of Virginia Militia and county Magistrate at the age of 21, Thomas Buck V was Captain in the 8th Virginia Regiment during the Revolution.

On January 11, 1776 Thomas Buck V was commissioned Lieutenant of a company of militia while a resident of Dunmore County (now Shenandoah). In 1777 he was Adjutant under Colonel Joseph Pugh, Commandant of the Dunmore militia. On September 5, 1777, at Woodstock, he was unanimously chosen Captain of a company of volunteers dubbed “Buck’s Minute Men” of the 8th Virginia Regiment and went to Fort Pitt where he served for about four months. In 1778, by then a resident of Frederick County, he raised a company of volunteers and was elected Captain for about two months. These appointments and elections show a high regard for young Thomas Buck V, then only in his early twenties.

On May 8, 1793 Thomas Buck V was appointed Captain of Virginia militia by Governor Henry Lee (Lighthorse Harry Lee) and served during the Whiskey Rebellion.

Thomas Buck V was allowed a pension on October 1, 1833 (Claim S. 16,672) for his military service during the Revolutionary War. In all he had served six months duty in the Virginia militia. He explained “I, being a minuteman, did not enter the regular service, for I had a big family I could not well leave for lengthy service. I was always ready for emergency.” At the time, it was acceptable to furnish a substitute for military service but only the wealthy could afford to do so.

Saturday, February 16, 2008

Thomas Buck V and Anne Richardson

Thomas Buck V and Anne Richardson were married on Dec 14, 1774. Anne Richardson (daughter of William Richardson and Isabella Calmes) was born on Oct 10, 1756. Thomas Buck V and Anne Richardson had the following children:

William Richardson Buck, born Feb 28, 1776
Isabella Buck, born Jan 9, 1778
Henrietta Chew Buck, born May 16, 1779
Mary R. Buck was born May 16, 1781
Samuel R. Buck died about 1782
Miriam Buck was born Apr 28, 1784
Mary Ann Buck, born Nov 18, 1787
Marcus Calmes Buck, born Nov 7, 1789
Rebecca Richardson Buck, born Feb 13, 1792
Elizabeth Price Buck, born Sep 5, 1794
Thomas Buck was born Nov 7, 1796
Catharine Buck was born Feb 7, 1799
Isaac Newton Buck, born Mar 22, 1801
Letitia Amelia Buck, born Apr 7, 1803.

Four of their children, Mary, Samuel, Miriam and Catharine died in infancy.

Anne Richardson died on April 3, 1823. She was buried in Buckton Cemetary, Virginia.

Friday, February 8, 2008

Thomas Buck V (1756 – 1842)

Thomas Buck V, the third and youngest son of Charles Buck I, was born on June 10, 1756; his mother was Letitia Sorrell Buck. Thomas was full brother to Charles Buck II and half brother of John Buck. He was born in Frederick County, Virginia and lived all his life in Virginia. At a young age he moved across the river from the family farm in Buckton to Front Royal where he lived most of his life. His home in Front Royal, Bel Air, still exists although extensively remodeled and no longer owned by a member of the Buck family.

Thomas Buck V was a member of the Virginia Militia during the Revolutionary War and received a pension for his service. He was a strong civic, business and Baptist leader. He became wealthy and his descendants were prominent in the area for many years.

Like his brothers John and Charles, Thomas married one of the Richardson sisters. Both Thomas and Anne were only eighteen when they married in 1774. With three Buck brothers having married three Richardson sisters, it’s no wonder that there was said to be a certain “look “ to the thirty-two grandchildren of Charles Buck I !

As will be seen from the next series of postings, much more is known of Thomas Buck V than of his father or brothers.

Saturday, February 2, 2008

The Death of Charles Buck II

Charles Buck II died August 2, 1823. In his will, he divided his land into parcels of equal value and distributed them to his children. The house, household possessions and land immediately surrounding the house were left to his wife, Mary Richardson Buck, who survived him.

Charles and Mary Buck were buried in the Buck cemetery near their house. His brother, Thomas, and Thomas’ first wife, Ann, are buried alongside them.

Charles Buck II had inherited the old homestead from his father. His son Thomas bought it from the other heirs after the death of his father and mother. Later the house was owned by John Gill Buck, William A. Buck and Meredeth Helm Buck. The house surrounding land was sold in 1917 and a new house was built. The original chimney remained and was part of the new house.

His son, William Calmes Buck, wrote "My father was an extensive farmer and both of my parents were members of the Baptist Church, having united with the church when young, in the times when Baptists were sorely persecuted in Virginia; and they were models of Christian excellence during their lives.”

Saturday, January 26, 2008

A Letter from Charles Buck II

This is a letter from Charles Buck II to his son, Thomas Buck VI (Junior in the letter).

Mr. Thomas Buck, Jwr.
Rockingham County
Two miles from Kezeltown

August 12th, 1812

Dear Tommy:

I have been waiting for a favorable opportunity to forward your Dismissions to you, but fearing I might detain them too long, have enclosed them herein and left them with your Brother Sammy to be sent on in the most direct manner he can.

I have the happiness of informing you that we are in usual health as are our connections in this place also, as far as I know of. I heard from Mr. Dawson’s a few days past, at which time nothing uncommon appeared with them.

Br. Hiter has returned to our neighborhood, he preached at Water Lick on Tuesday last, and is to be there again tomorrow, together with Br. Brice and an other Minister.

Charley has been from home better than a week, he went with a young man of the name of Brady, who has been lately Baptized at Bethel. They went towards Dumfries, I suppose the young man was going to be married. William has been talking of going to see you, but I suppose it will not be till after the association, as I have some expectation of going there, If I should be spared.

As I have nothing of a particular nature to write you (tho’ were I to employ my pen which perhaps I ought to do I might find many things necessary) I therefore recommend you and family, to the care of him who is able to protect you from harm, and abundantly to supply all your wants.

Your Mother and sister desires most affectionately to be remembered to you all and I likewise present to yourself, Amelia and the children, my sincere love and affection.

From your Father,

The known characters are:

Thomas Buck -- born 1777, the first born son of Charles Buck II. He was called “Junior” to differentiate him from his uncle Thomas Buck V but will be assigned “VI” to differentiate from all the other Thomas Bucks. He is often referred to as the “Rev. Thomas Buck”.

Sammy – Samuel Mountjoy Buck, brother to Thomas, born 1783.

Mr. Dawson – probably Thomas’s father-in-law, Rev. James Dawson.

Charley – Charles Buck III, brother to Thomas, born 1788

William – William Calmes Buck, brother to Thomas, born 1790. He was licensed to preach only a few days after this letter was written.

Amelia – Thomas’ wife, Amelia Dawson Buck, born 1783.

Children – In 1812, Thomas had three children: Annice, Mary and Samuel.

Places are:

Water Lick – land donated by Charles Buck II for a church, approximately one mile from his house.

Dumfries – the oldest chartered town in Virginia. It dates to 1690 and includes a harbor on Quantico Creek. Charles Buck I owned land there. Dumfries is probably near the land originally owned by Thomas Buck I.


Saturday, January 19, 2008

Silhouettes of Charles and Mary Buck

In 1996, my dad, my son and I visited Front Royal, Virginia to research our roots there. The Warren Heritage Society was one of the main resources that we wanted to investigate. Unfortunately, we were only able to be there a few hours. Even so, we were able to learn a lot about the early Buck family in the Front Royal, Virginia area.

While browsing through some files, I came across one labeled simply “Charles Buck and Mary Richardson” and peeked into it. The file contained only these two silhouettes – no references, no sources, no notes. No one at the Society had any additional information. I took these photos of the silhouettes.

I have no idea whether these silhouettes are authentic or not but I’ve decided to use them to represent Charles and Mary Buck – my great, great, great, great grandfather and grandmother.


Sunday, January 13, 2008

Charles Buck II (1750 - 1823)

Charles Buck II was born on October 28, 1750 in Frederick County, Virginia to Charles Buck I and Letitia Sorrel, his second wife. Charles II was the second son of Charles I. He lived all his life in Virginia.

Like his father, Charles II was an ardent sportsman but his life was greatly influenced and he was led into the Baptist faith by the Rev. James Ireland, a pioneer Baptist preacher of early Virginia. Charles II donated land near Buckton for the building of a Baptist church and a residence for Ireland. Charles Buck II and his younger brother, Thomas Buck V, were messengers from the Water Lick Church to the Ketoctin Association in 1795. Two of his sons, Thomas and William, became prominent Baptist ministers.

Family lore is that Charles Buck II was a prisoner of war during the Revolution, aboard a British ship in Charleston harbor, but no record has been found of his military service.

Charles BUCK II married Mary Richardson, daughter of William Richardson and Isabella Calmes, April 3, 1774. Mary Richardson was born on Aug 31, 1752.

Charles BUCK II and Mary RICHARDSON had eight children:

William Calmes BUCK I, born August 23, 1790
Letitia BUCK, born in 1776
Thomas BUCK, born November 15, 1777
Sarah BUCK, born in 1780
Samuel Mountjoy BUCK, born in 1783
John BUCK, born in 1785
Charles BUCK III, born in 1788
Mary Richardson BUCK, born in 1792

Tuesday, January 1, 2008

John Buck (1748 - 1815)

John Buck, born on December 27, 1748 near Buckton, Virginia, was the oldest son of Charles Buck I. His mother was Anna Sorrell Earle, the first wife of Charles Buck I.

John Buck and Miriam Richardson were married in 1774. Miriam Richardson (daughter of William Richardson and Isabella Calmes) was born on Dec 27, 1748. She died in 1825. John Buck and Miriam Richardson had the following children:

Charles Buck
Anne Buck
Miriam Buck (died in infancy)
Peter C. Buck
Isabella Buck
Elizabeth Buck
Isabella Miriam Buck
John L. Buck
William Richardson Buck
Sarah Buck.

John Buck was a Lieutenant Colonel of the Virginia Militia and is often referred to as Colonel John Buck. He also was Tax Commissioner and later Sheriff of Frederick County, Virginia (formerly Orange County, now Warren). John Buck is listed as a justice of Dunmore County on October 26, 1773 in "Justices of the Peace of Colonial Virginia, 1757-1775", Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Vol. XIV, Nos. 2, 3, pages 114, 123. His name appears regularly in the court records of 1778.

About 1785, perhaps as late as 1790, John Buck emigrated to Kentucky along with Marquis Calmes IV, Marquis Richardson, John Richardson, Benjamin Coombs and Samuel Price. These were among the early pioneers of Kentucky. John Buck settled in Woodford County near what is now the town of Versailles. He was the first postmaster to serve the citizens of Versailles.

John Buck died in 1815 (although his death is given as in 1816 by Blakemore). He was buried in Lexington, Kentucky; his grave is near the Henry Clay statue.